An amazing place to tour with a Nepal holidays package can be Makalu Barun National Park. It was decided to protect the area following exploration trips by government mountaineers and biologists to study its biodiversity. The national park was established in 1992 with an area of roughly 1500 sq km and inhabitants of numerous ethnic communities like Sherpa, Gurung, Tamang and Newar. Eco-tourism in recent times has helped in giving the local inhabitants employment in times when farming is not possible due to extreme cold weather. The region is of high significance to Buddhists and is one of the sacred places of Nepal.
Geography and Climate
Makalu Barun National Park stretches between the districts of Solukhumbu Sankhuwasabha and the geographical features that it exhibits are greatly varied. From Arun Valley, at an altitude of between 1120 and 1230 feet, the park rises to over 27000 feet above sea level at the summit of Makalu, the highest point. Thus, it is the only wildlife hotspot in the world with an elevation gain of more than 26000 feet. Due to this variance, the climate, vegetation and wildlife too shows a rich diversity. Monsoon here comes in June and brings a lot of rain, the most received in the month of September. At lower elevations, summers are hot while winters are pleasant, while at moderate altitudes even summers are on the colder side.
The biodiversity, both flora and fauna, here is varied and rich owing to the difference in elevation. Between 1000 and 4000 ft altitude, tropical deciduous forests dominated by Sal are found. Above 4500 ft, the tropical vegetation is replaced by pine, which after 6000 ft, is taken over by fir, deodar and spruce. At over 13000 ft, the trees disappear and grasslands of rhododendrons and other shrubs dominate the landscape and above 15000 feet, vegetation disappears altogether. Between 15000 and 20000 ft, naked mountains are found and beyond it, permanent snow. Tourists, visiting the attraction with their holiday package, will be able to spot hordes of small and large animals, depending upon the elevation of the area. The region is home to over 800 species of animals, including snow leopards, red fox, Himalayan tahr, black bears, jungle cats and wild boars.