Sri Lanka is an island country located on the Indian Ocean, just south of India. Though it is mainly home to the Sinhala people, it also has a substantial population of Tamils, consisting both locals and Indian migrants. Since ancient times, the country has been synonymous with Lankapuram of Hindu religious texts, where the demon king, Ravan supposedly ruled. The topography of this place features fertile plains, and its 1,340 km long coastline encircles it. In its south-central region is the Central Highlands, rising to around 8000 feet. Less variance in landforms does in no way translate into less biodiversity as this nation has around 12066 species of fauna, including those of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish and insects. The vegetation here is equally rich with around 3200 flowering plants and 350 fern species. On Sri Lanka tours, tourists can witness this biodiversity of the region by heading to its national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and other protected forests and reserves. Sri Lanka has about 24 of such spots, where nature thrives in all its resplendent magnificence.
Horton Plains National Park
One such place to visit while in this country is the Horton Plains National Park. This park is located in the Central Province and is the only hilly wildlife area in this republic. Situated in the Central Highlands at an altitude of 2300 metres above sea level, it is home to about 750 plant and 128 animal species. Some of the animals that can be spotted here are sambar deer, rusty-spotted cat, leopard and boar. Besides spotting animals, visitors can head to the two waterfalls of the area – Slab Rock falls and Baker Falls. This wildlife attraction is visited hordes of travellers and nature enthusiasts throughout the year as the average annual temperature of this place remains around 13 degree Celsius. To reach this park, tourists can book train tickets till the nearest railway stations in Ohiya and Ambewela; the place is also accessible by road from other parts of the country. Alternatively, tourists can opt for those holiday package, which include a visit to this national reserve as part of their itinerary.